I originally wrote this post for World Back Up Day (Don’t be an April Fool – Take the Pledge!)
But…really, shouldn’t every day be Back Up Day?
(Click to view video: “What Would You Do if You Lost Everything?“)
What is “backed up”, exactly?
“Backing up” your files does not just mean making a copy. It means making multiple copies of the original files and storing them in different places. This way, if one copy (or the original) is damaged or destroyed, you will still have one or more backup copies in another format and/or in another location. Things happen — to computers, cameras, phones, external hard drives (EHDs), thumb drives, backup services, cloud storage companies, etc. WHEN — not IF — something happens, you will be glad you backed up your files.
Which files should you back up?
Back up anything you have created yourself, or curated from the internet, including documents, digital photos, videos, presentations, family trees, etc. Programs and software are relatively available and easy to replace, but your personal files are a one-of-a-kind collection. There are services available to do this automatically. I used Carbonite when I had a PC, and now I use Backblaze and Time Machine for Mac. I have heard people complain (re: Carbonite) that it takes too long for the initial back up, or to restore files when transferring them from an old computer to a new one. That’s usually because they have backed up, and are trying to restore, programs in addition to files.
Don’t put all your eggs in one basket — follow the 3-2-1 rule!
The 3-2-1 rule is a computer industry best practice for backup and recovery:
- Keep at least 3 copies of your data, including the original and at least two copies.
- Keep the backed-up data on 2 different storage types to minimize the risk of one type of storage failure. Storage types include internal hard drive (computer), external or removable hard drive (can include thumb drives), and the internet cloud.
- Keep at least 1 copy of the data offsite. The cloud counts as an offsite location, as does your office, or a friend’s house, or a safety deposit box.
In addition to originals on my phone/camera and computer, I use Dropbox cloud storage, and an external hard drive (EHD). My iPhone syncs with my Mac through the iCloud, and when I had an Android, I chose settings that sent copies of my photos directly to Dropbox. That way I’m not worried about losing all my photos if I lose my phone or drop it into a mud puddle. If you don’t trust “the cloud”, at the very least hook your phone up to your computer once a week and download the photos!
One of my most important “documents” is the contents of my password manager, LastPass. I periodically export a CSV copy of all my passwords and save them as a file on my computer. Of course, I do not label it “passwords”. I call it something else and I make sure a trusted friend or neighbor knows how to find the file in case something happens to me and/or to LastPass. (Or, in case they can’t figure out how to use LastPass when the time actually comes that they need to know my passwords.)
Backing up is not just for computers.
Don’t forget to back up paper as well as electronic files! What do I mean by that? Well, consider your most important documents, scrapbooks, and photo albums. How would they fare in a flood or fire? Do they need to be digitized for safekeeping? You probably have way too many papers and photos to want to scan them all. You might not even have a scanner. Start with the most important 20% of your paper items. NAPO organizers can help you choose. APPO organizers can help you scan. Some organizers can do both. You can start here with saving your own photos.
Don’t do these things!
Finally, if you are sending all your photos directly to Facebook, and that is your only copy, STOP IT RIGHT NOW! That’s worse than putting all your eggs in one basket, because they only store compressed versions of your photos there. They are fine for internet use, but you will be disappointed if you ever want to make full sized, enlarged, printed copies of them.
I also know some family historians who have ALL their genealogy records on Ancestry. Those records also need to be saved in a genealogy program that lives on your computer and/or filed and backed up some other way. I use Family Tree Maker and others swear by Roots Magic. Both sync with Ancestry for easy back ups.
What about you? Are your files backed up?
Please share your methods, concerns, and questions in the comments below.
And remind your friends, too. Friends don’t let friends put all their eggs in one basket!
Copyright 2017-2019 by Hazel Thornton, Organized For Life.
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